Can cannabis treatment cause addiction?
Marijuana or Cannabis Sativa, the plant’s scientific name, is composed of several substances. Two of those specific substances, part of the phytocannabinoids group, stand out: The THC, which is tetrahydrocannabinol and the CBD, which is cannabidiol. These two substances are different, therefore have different effects.
Medicine with high CBD and low THC concentration has almost zero addiction potential, being even used as treatment for many illnesses. However, long-term usage of high concentration of THC can cause addiction. Even so it’s a low risk, reaching only 9% of those who use cannabis with water.
THC is responsible for the psychoactive effects of Marijuana, such as mental confusion, sensation of pleasure or euphoria, keener perception of stimuli and physical sensations, looser but slower thinking, lower cognitive ability and higher dependency; naturally related to the dosa, frequency of use, age and individual vulnerability of the user. It connects itself directly to the cannabinoid receptors in our brain (CB1). This connection with the CB1 receptors is responsible for triggering the effects which are usually associated with the usage of Marijuana. The CBD oil does not cause addiction as it has little to no THC.
The consumption of CBD based products offers low risk of overdose. CBD is considered safe and non-toxic to humans, even in very high doses.
The side-effects CBD may cause are minimal and easily relieved. Dry mouth, low blood pressure and sleepiness are the most common side-effects. CBD oil is also sedative or calmative.
Historically there isn’t a single registered case of CBD overdose - or even from other cannabis varieties - which was fatal. This is explained by the fact that CBD and other cannabinoids do not interact with the spinal cord’s receptors, the back part of the brain which controls breath and heart rate.